Sexually transmitted infections (STIs) cause significant morbidity and mortality in the United States each year. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) estimates that 19 million new infections occur annually in the United States, almost one half of which occur in persons 15 to 24 years of age.
Disclaimer: Measures reported by WCHQ healthcare
organizations represent a specific aspect of care in relation to an
evidence-based standard, but are not clinical guidelines and do not establish
standards of care.
Chlamydia is a common STD that can infect both men and women. It can cause serious, permanent damage to a woman's reproductive system, making it difficult or impossible for her to get pregnant later on. Chlamydia can also cause a potentially fatal ectopic pregnancy (pregnancy that occurs outside the womb).
Because chlamydia is usually asymptomatic, screening is necessary to identify most infections. Screening programs have been demonstrated to reduce rates of adverse secondary consequences in women. CDC recommends yearly chlamydia screening of all sexually active women younger than 25.
This measure assesses women 16 through 24 years of age identified as sexually active who had at least one test for chlamydia during the 12-month measurement period.